GOD

Summary

Fundamental 2

Does God Exist? Who is He?

A.W. Tozer, a famous Christian author, once wrote ”What we believe about God is the most important thing about us.” Our belief or lack of it manifests itself into our actions, our attitudes, and our view of life and the world.

We as Christians know and believe that God is more than an idea. God is a very real spirit Being who always existed, He is the “self-existent,” “infinite”, “holy personal creator” of the universe. He created the universe by the power of His Word. Hebrews 11:3.

People and religions have different ideas about who and what God is. But, there is only one true God, Isaiah 45:5.

The first recorded word concerning God is found in Genesis 1:1. We learn two things about God in that one verse.

  1. He created the heavens and the earth
  2. He existed before the beginning of the world.

If God created  in the beginning that means that God existed “before” the beginning. In order to make something, you must exist before you made it.

Can we be sure God exists?

Four compelling arguments:

  1. The Ontological argument: The very fact that humans have an idea of God points to His existence. Since every rational person has thought about God in one way or another, we can reasonably conclude that he exists. (Romans 1:19)
  1. The Cosmological argument: Cause and Effect – If the universe had a beginning point – there must have been a cause or person to begin it. We believe that someone was God, the “First Cause”. (Hebrews 3:4)
  1. The Teleological argument: There is order, harmony, purpose and intelligence in nature and the world. Logic suggests that an intelligent and purposeful being produced it. (Psalms. 19:1; Romans 1:20)
  1. The Moral argument: One of the characteristics of humans is that we have a moral code, a moral compass – a built-in sense of right and wrong. This sense of right and wrong in the heart of every person is evidence of a moral creator. (Romans 2:15)

God doesn’t require us to prove his existence or to be intellectually convinced. The only step God does require is faith! (Hebrews 11:6) He wants us to choose to believe in Him with out will.

Even though God is beyond our complete understanding, the Bible gives a definite picture of a multifaceted God. He is an invisible reality, yet He has characteristics of a person. He intentionally reveals Himself to mankind. He makes it possible for us to know Him. But no single word or phrase can express His essential nature. God is best defined by understanding the many elements of His character. (Psalms 94: 9-10)

  • He knows.
  • He hears.
  • He feels.
  • He speaks.

We can get to know God better by learning some of His names and by studying His character qualities. They were written originally in the Hebrew language in the Old Testament and in the Greek language in the New Testament.

The names were descriptive:

Jehovah – An Old Testament term meaning “I Am that I Am”

Elohim – An Old Testament term meaning “Strong One”

Adonai – An Old Testament term meaning “Lord”

God – A New Testament term, theos meaning “The One True God”

Lord – A New Testament term, kurios, meaning “Sir” the emphasis is on authority and supremacy

Father – A New Testament term, God is a heavenly Father to those who become His children by faith in His Son, Jesus Christ.

There are nine things we can be absolutely sure about God:

  1. 1. God is Eternal. He is not defined by time. (Psalms.90:2)(Isaiah 40:28)
  2. 2. God is Holy. He is righteous. (Isaiah 6:3) (1 Peter 1:15-16)
  3. God doesn’t Change. He is “immutable”. (Malachi 3:6) (James 1:17).
  4. God is Infinite. He cannot be completely defined or in any way confined. (1 kings 8:27) (rev. 1:8)
  5. God is Just. He is fair and impartial. (Deuteronomy 32:4)
  6. God is Love. (1 John 4:7-9)
  7. God is Omnipotent. He is all-powerful. (Revelation 19:6)
  8. God is Omnipresent. He is everywhere. (Psalms 139:7-12)
  9. God is Omniscient. God knows everything. (Psalms 139:1-4) (Proverbs 5:21)

Our Triune God

At the heart of the Christian view of God is the concept of the trinity. The trinity is a teaching that God himself has revealed to us. God is one being, but He exists in three persons “God is one in His essential being, but the “divine essence” exists in three modes or forms, each constituting a Person, yet in such a way that the divine essence is wholly in each person.” (R. A. Finlayson, the New Bible dictionary under the “Trinity”).

The Old Testament begins using the Hebrew word Elohim for God, the plural form of the general name “el” meaning God. He is the fount; the Beginner and Creator, the Maker and Sustainer, “God, as Creator, thought up the universe, expressed His thought in a Word, and made His Spirit its animating principle” (Genesis 1:1-3) (John 1:1-3, 14)

In the Hew Testament Jesus made the distinctness of the persons of the Godhead even clearer.  He taught the disciples to baptize in the “name” (singular) of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit emphasizing or underlining their “oneness” (Matthew 28:19)

When John baptized Jesus there was a clear manifestation of the Trinity, involving all three persons of the Godhead. (Mark 1:10-11)  The three persons of the Godhead are mentioned at the birth of Jesus. (Luke 1:35). Jesus spoke of the Father and the Spirit as being distinct persons from Himself. (john 14-16)

Salvation portrays the work of the triune God. The Father sent the Son to accomplish the work of redemption. The Son sent the Spirit to bring conviction and to apply to people’s heart what Christ had accomplished. 

Creation is:

From the Father, the fount of Deity, originates.

Through the Son, eternally begotten of the Father, reveals.

By the Holy Spirit, eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son, executes.

God is not only the Creator of the universe and the Triune God, He is also the physical sustainer of His creation, and the moral governor of the intelligent beings, us, that He created.

Deuteronomy 10:17, 20-21 tells us:

For the Lord your God is God of Gods and Lord of Lords, the great God, mighty and awesome —fear the Lord your God and serve Him. Hold fast to Him and take your oaths in His name. He is your praise; He is your God.

 

Think about it

Who is God?

Do I need God?

How can I be sure that God Exists?

Is God Love?

What is the meaning of the Tribune God?

 

Fundamental 2 God underlying data of the Summary

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