The Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ


Fundamental 4


What actual proof is there that Jesus actually died and then rose from the dead?

  • The minute details recorded in: (John 21:17; John 21:5; Mark 16:7; John 20:27-29; John 21:15-17)
  • An empty tomb (Matthew 28:6; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:3; 12; John 21:1,2,)
  • The empty tomb, the revolutionized lives of the disciples, the Lords Day (worship being shifted from Saturday to Sunday because of the resurrection) the existence of the Christian church which can be traced back to approximately (A.D. 30) all conclusive evidence that the resurrection is fact not fiction.

Christ’ death was foretold in the Old Testament.  It is the central theme in both the Old and in the New Testament (Isaiah 53:5-6) (John 5:39; 12:41). Jesus did not fall victim to anyone or anything. He had come for the specific purpose of dying to atone for sin (Luke 19:10), His crucifixion was a vivid display of His authority over circumstances, people, and even death. Far from being a tragic end to His earthly ministry, it was the culmination of all He had set out to do; thus Jesus’ death was an act of the Son’s submissive obedience to the Fathers will. (John 10:17-18).

How did Jesus raise Himself from the dead?

  • Raised by God the Father (Ephesians1:19, 20, Acts 2:24, 32; 10:40; 13:30; Romans 6:4; 10:9; Colossians 2:12)
  • Rose by His own power (John 10:18; 1 Corinthians 15:4)
  • Quickened or made alive by the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:11; 1 Peter 3:18). The Holy Spirit, who represents the personal energy of the Godhead, is accredited with the resurrection of Christ. And thus it came to pass that Jesus arose from the dead by the coordinate power of the triune God; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Jesus himself was always in absolute control.  He said, “I lay down My life that I may take it up again.  No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own initiative.  I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again.  This commandment I received from My Father.” (John 10:17-18)

Always remember:  Jesus is the only begotten Son of God; yet completely God and one with the Father. “I and the Father are one. John 10:30

Where is the proof that Jesus actually ascended into heaven?

Acts 1:9-11 tells us that the resurrected Jesus was taken up to heaven in his resurrected body, in the presence of eleven of the apostles, occurring 40 days after the resurrection.

The Ascension marks the end of the work Jesus came to do on earth and the beginning of what He continues to do in and through the Church.  See also Luke 24:50-53 and Mark 16:19.

Did Jesus have to die?

  • As a fulfillment of the prophecies made concerning Christ

(1 Peter16:10)

  • As a fulfillment of the prediction made by Christ (John 2:19)
  • As a prerequisite to a fruitful life (Romans 7:1-4)

Christ’s death was forecast in the Old Testament and became a reality in the New Testament.  His death is spoken of as the atonement for our sin.  The remedy for sin?  A sacrifice or penalty.

The Scriptures teach that Christ suffered in our stead to satisfy an immanent demand of the Divine holiness and thus remove an obstacle in the Divine mind to the pardon and restoration of the guilty.  The fundamental attribute of God is holiness, and holiness is not self-communicating love, but self-affirming righteousness. Holiness limits and conditions love, for love can will happiness only as happiness results from and consists with holiness, that is, with conformity to God.

Among the various terms that give the clearest explanation of the death of Christ is the word Substitute. “Christ died for sins once and for all, for the righteous and the unrighteous, to bring us to God” (1 Peter 3:18) Christ died for us – that is in our place. “God made Him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.” (2 Corinthians 5:21).

Why couldn’t God just forgive?

God’s plan of deliverance, bringing us back into fellowship with Himself was built on the sacrificial system.  God, Himself, instituted the blood sacrifice; and final deliverance came with Christ’s sacrifice. (Hebrews 10:12).  The whole sacrificial system of the Old Testament was a symbolic portrayal to be fulfilled in Christ.  The Passover, celebrated at the time of the exodus of enslaved Israelites from Egypt, provided the fullest picture of Christ’s sacrifice. (John 1:29)

Why the Cross? 

The cross o Jesus Christ has been called “the central fact of human history.”  It is this spotlight on the cross that God declared his planned purpose for the coming of Jesus Christ into human history.

The cross was the concrete exhibition of the holiness that required, and of the love that provided, man’s redemption. Jesus himself said the cross was his intentional redemptive goal. “The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45).  The Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost. (Luke 19:10).   All of mankind.

What was the significance of “no bones broken” when Jesus was crucified?   

And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “this is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat it.  But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it.  A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it.  In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, nor shall you break one of its bones.” Exodus 12:43-46.  

For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “not one of his bones will be broken.” John 19:36

Fundamental 4 Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ underlying data of the Summary

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